What is Occupational Therapy?
You will be forgiven for not knowing what an Occupational Therapist does. 
I have been mistaken for a Physiotherapist, an Occupational Health and Safety Representative, a Career Adviser and a Computer Technician among other things (I think the confusion there is between OT and IT). But often I just get a blank stare, so lets see if I can clear things up a little.



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Many people are confused by the term Occupational Therapy, thinking that it must be something to do with employment. But the word Occupation comes from the same root word as "to be occupied" - a suitable alternative to the word would be purposeful activity. That is why Occupational Therapy is so broad and hard to define, because we can help people who are struggling to participate in any area of purposeful activity. We also often use purposeful activity as part of the therapy process.

Occupational Therapists work in many different settings, with a variety of client groups and what we specifically do depends on who we are working with, but in general Occupational Therapists help their clients to achieve their goals in three main ways:

  • Building skills and abilities
  • Adapting the task 
  • Modifying the environment

If you would like more information about what specific Occupational Therapy services SPOT offers, check out the
How Can OT Help or Adult Services page.

If you would like a more official definition, the
World Federation of Occupational Therapists defines Occupational Therapy as "a client-centered health profession concerned with promoting health and well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by working with people and communities to enhance their ability to engage in the occupations they want to, need to, or are expected to do, or by modifying the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement."